Root causes of poverty :There are numerous factors that contribute to poverty, and the root causes can vary from one region or community to another. However, here are 10 common root causes of poverty that affect people globally:
Lack of access to education: Education is one of the most significant drivers of economic growth and poverty reduction. Lack of education limits employment opportunities and income potential, perpetuating a cycle of poverty.
Limited job opportunities: Poverty can result from a lack of job opportunities, particularly in rural areas, where people may depend on subsistence farming.
Income inequality: A society that has a high level of income inequality can lead to poverty. In many cases, the rich get richer while the poor become poorer, widening the gap between the two.
Health issues: Poor health can cause individuals and communities to be less productive and prevent them from earning a living. Additionally, the cost of healthcare can drain families’ resources, pushing them into poverty.
Political instability and corruption: Political instability, corruption, and weak governance can result in inadequate public services, inadequate infrastructure, and a lack of accountability, which can contribute to poverty.
Natural disasters and climate change: Natural disasters, such as floods, earthquakes, and droughts, can devastate communities and cause widespread poverty. Climate change can also have severe economic consequences, particularly for those living in vulnerable areas.
Discrimination: Discrimination based on gender, race, ethnicity, or religion can limit opportunities and prevent individuals from achieving their full potential.
Limited access to credit: Limited access to credit can prevent people from starting businesses or investing in their education, leading to a lack of economic opportunities.
War and conflict: War and conflict can cause widespread displacement, loss of livelihoods, and the destruction of infrastructure, leading to poverty.
Lack of basic infrastructure: A lack of basic infrastructure, such as roads, water, and sanitation systems, can prevent communities from accessing essential services, hindering economic development and trapping them in poverty.